Photogrammetry is the process of creating 3D models from a set of overlapping photographs. It is fundamentally about making measurements of an object using photographs, but is now frequently used to digitize objects. All you really need is a camera and a computer, although there are smartphone apps that do this as well. Photogrammetry is very useful for archaeologists/anthropologists etc. who cannot remove items from their field site or who just want a digital copy to study. It can be used to digitize bones, artifacts, petroglyphs, or really anything. It is also frequently used in combination with a drone or UAV to capture landscapes and very large objects.
3D printing is a great way to create physical models of the virtual items you work with or to create inexpensive, detailed replicas of artifacts or specimens. It is possible for an individual or lab to own their own 3D printer for not too much money. I'd like to share here my experience with 3D printing as a resource for others looking to add 3D printing to their research and to showcase how it can be a useful asset.